We can make a copy of a GitHub project on our local machine. To do so either, we can use the GitHub desktop application or Git Bash.
- Our GitHub tutorial is designed to help beginners and professionals.
- After the final version of the project, we can create a pull request for merging.
- When we first initialized our project, the file was not being tracked by Git.
- Further, we will learn how to use GitHub and will create our first project on it.
- That makes the other people who see your commit sad.
- Main banchThe image above shows our main branch with the last two commits .
Log in to your GitHub account to use the GitHub service. To login to your account, click on the Sign-in option on the upper right corner. At your first login, the homepage will ask you to create your first repository and some other options like exploring the repository. The GitHub student developer pack is one of the best resources to start as a developer. It also provides free access for the GitHub pro account as well as 20 developer’s tools and courses. This is because we are not creating a new branch but rather switching to an existing one.
Create a GitHub Account
Since here we are talking about GitHub so let’s see how to copy by GitHub desktop application. We can create, clone, or upload a repository to our project with GitHub desktop. The repositories are the data structures used by GitHub to store metadata for files and directories.
I will not go into details about how to do this as we did it twice in the last section. Git branchWe created the new branch from the state of our last commit. Main banchThe image above shows our main branch with the last two commits .
How to commit and push to GitHub
As a hint, add the file and then commit with a message . Git pushTo help you deepen your understanding of file stages, I will make changes to the file and then push the new version to GitHub. After you create the repo, you should be redirected to a page that tells you how to create a repo locally or push an existing one. A file in the staged state means it is ready to be committed. In this state, all necessary changes have been made so the next step is to move the file to the commit state. Now that we have created and initialized our project locally, let’s push it to GitHub.
After selecting a plan, a confirmation link will send to your email address. Activate your account by clicking on the received link, and you are ready to go with GitHub. You should know that these are not all the commands that exist in Git – so feel free to do more research to learn more commands and their uses.
When to Use Git Fork
With GitHub, you can back up your personal files, share your code, and collaborate with others. GitHub is a popular hosting service for Git repositories.
- For advance, Git and GitHub, visit our latest tutorial on Git, Visit HERE.
- With some practice you will be able to remember these terms and what they do.
- The second line is the command git init, and the third line is the response sent back telling me that my repository has been initialized.
- By default, every git repository’s first branch is named `master` .
- If you want to add a specific file, maybe one named about.txt, you use git add about.txt.
We can explore many exciting and useful things in its pro account. We can explore unlimited private repository and can control the user access. It provides issue tracking, wikis, and CI/CD Pipeline . It is open-source and free and distributed under MIT license. It is very similar to GitHub in case of functionality. It can be considered as a better choice for teamwork. Git mergeIf you go on to push your repo to GitHub, you’ll see that the test branch will not be pushed.
Branching & Merging
When you click on the button, you should see some options in a dropdown menu. To merge the new state to the main branch, you have to first stage and commit this branch.
If you would like to push your test branch, switch to the branch using git checkout test and then run git push -u origin test. A file is in the committed state when all the changes made to the file have been saved in the local repo. Files in the committed stage are files ready to be pushed to the remote repo . Git initThe first line has information about my PC and the path to where the folder exists. The second line is the command git init, and the third line is the response sent back telling me that my repository has been initialized. It is considered empty because we have not told Git what files to track.
GitHub allows you to store your local Git repositories in the cloud. We can set up a repository as private during initialization and make and manage the accessibility of the repository. The private repository feature is only allowed to pro members.
Right now, the repo on GitHub looks a little different than what you have on your local machine. For example, the commit you made in your branch and merged into the primary branch doesn’t exist in the primary branch on your local machine. You might see a big green button at the bottom that says ‘Merge pull request’. Clicking this means you’ll merge your changes into the primary branch.. Now we’ll push the commit in your branch to your new GitHub repo.
Once you have finished your edits, save the README file and return to the GitHub Desktop application. You’ll notice that GitHub Desktop has already recognized the changes made to your file.